César Fernández-de-las-Peñas PT, PhD, Dr. Med Sci is Full Professor at Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain. He received a Bachelor Degree in Physical Therapy from Universidad Rey Juan Carlos and PhD and the Doctoral Master of Sciences from Aalborg University in Denmark. He has published around 450 peer-reviewed publications and he is first author of approximately 200. The research activities are concentrated on biomedical sciences within neuroscience. The specific research areas have been on pain and assessment of pain in volunteers and chronic pain patients. The main focus is on human clinical chronic pain research. He is the main editor of 10 textbooks on manual therapy for chronic musculoskeletal pain syndromes. He combines his research activity with clinical practice as Head Division of Physical Therapy Department at the University Physical Therapy Clinic at the same University in Spain.